Chest X-ray Anatomy
Tutorial conclusion

Key points

  • Some anatomical structures in the chest should be assessed on every chest X-ray
  • Each of these anatomical structures should be viewed using a systematic approach
  • There are also important structures that are obscured or become visible only when abnormal

This tutorial has demonstrated the important anatomical structures visible on a chest X-ray. These structures were discussed in a specific order to help you develop a systematic approach to viewing chest X-rays.

  • Trachea and bronchi
  • Hilar structures
  • Lung zones
  • Pleura
  • Lung lobes and fissures
  • Costophrenic angles
  • Diaphragm
  • Heart
  • Mediastinum
  • Soft tissues
  • Bones

Whenever you get the chance, after seeing a patient on the wards, spend some time looking at the patient's X-rays. Try to locate the anatomical structures you have learned about on every chest X-ray you look at.

You will learn more about chest X-ray anatomy in the next tutorial on chest X-ray abnormalities.

Your course assessment certificate

A certificated course completion assessment is available which is based on the material in this tutorial and the related sections.

All the certificated online course completion assessments provided by Radiology Masterclass award CPD/CME credits in accordance with the CPD Scheme of the Royal College of Radiologists, London, UK.

Page author: Salisbury NHS Foundation Trust UK (Read bio)

Last reviewed: July 2019