Left ventricular aneurysm

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Left ventricular aneurysm

  • Aneurysms of the left ventricle are an uncommon complication of previous myocardial infarction
  • They may calcify and appear as a smooth eggshell-like line near the left heart border

Pericardial calcification

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Pericardial calcification

  • Increased density – due to calcification of the pericardium – follows the contour of the heart
  • Pericardial calcification is an uncommon feature seen on a chest X-ray which is associated with constrictive pericarditis – in this case caused by previous tuberculosis infection

Mitral valve calcification

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Mitral valve calcification

  • Calcification of the mitral valve is common in elderly patients – occasionally this is heavy enough to be seen on a chest X-ray
  • Mitral valve calcification is often asymptomatic but may be associated with arrhythmias or mitral valve incompetence